LM386 Audio Amplifier IC
LM386 Pinout Configuration
Used to set the gain of the IC by connecting to a Capacitor
Inverting Input (IN-)
The Inverting Pin of amplifier is normally grounded
Non-Inverting Input (IN+)
The Non-Inverting pin is provided with the audio signal
The ground pin is connected to the ground of the system
Provides amplified audio output, connected to speaker
Connected to power
Bypass pin is used for connecting a decoupling capacitor
LM386 Audio amplifier features and specifications
- Supply Voltage: 4-15V
- Quiescent Power: 24mW @ 6V
- Analog input voltage 0.4V (maximum)
- Voltage Gain: 20 to 200 (26dB to 46dB)
- PSRR: 50dB
- Speaker impedance 4Ω
- Available in 8-Pin PDIP,SOIC and VSSOP packages
More technical details and LM386 specifications can be found in the LM386 datasheet attached at the bottom of the article.
LM386 Equivalent IC
Alternatives Audio Amplifiers
LM4871, AD620, IC6283, JRC4558,
Where to use the LM386 Audio Amplifier
The LM386 is a low power audio frequency amplifier which is very commonly used in small audio amplifiers. The IC consumes very less power and hence can be operated using a 9V battery easily. It can easily drive an 8-ohm speaker with a variable gain of 20 to200. Volume control and gain control is also possible in this. The IC comes in a 8-pin PDIP package and requires very less components to function hence it is highly easy to use.
So, if you are looking for an audio amplifier IC which can be powered using a battery for a portable application to drive an 8-ohm speaker then this IC might be the right choice for you. For driving heavy speakers you have to use the power amplifier ICs.
How to use LM386 IC
The IC is powered using the pin 6 (typically 5 or 9V) and the ground pin 4 is connected to the ground. The inverting pin (pin 2) is normally grounded and the Non-inverting pin (pin 3) is provided with the Audio signal. This audio signal can be from a microphone or even from a 3.5mm jack. The 10k resistor is added in series with the audio signal to act as a volume control. You can ignore this potentiometer if you want to operate in full volume.
The pin 1 and pin 8 are used to set the gain of the Amplifier. If there is nothing connected between these pins then the default gain will be 26 dB, but we can connect a 10 uF capacitor across it to get the maximum ain of the IC which is 46dB. The pin 7 is used to connect a filtering capacitor (0.1uf) for our amplifier IC to avoid unnecessary oscillations. The amplified audio signal can be obtained from the pin 5 which is connected to a 8-ohm speaker through a filtering capacitor. The RC network with 0.05uF and 10k resistor is optional.
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- Portable music players
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